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2018年中科院考博英语真题及答案解析

发布日期:2019-07-11   作者:旺旺网[公众号:kaobowang 免费领资料] www.wangwangw.com/

更多中科院考博真题及答案解析:http://www.wangwangw.com/brand-27.html

PART I  VOCABULARY (15 minutes, 10 points, 0. 5 point each)

Directions: Choose the word or expression below each sentence that best completes the statement, and mark the corresponding letter of your choice with a single bar across the square brackets on your

Machine-scoring Answer Sheet.

1. The brain is totally dependent on the oxygen ______ by its blood supply, and brain cells will  die if deprived of oxygen for more than a few minutes.

    A. produced                     B. picked                  C. conducted              D. conveyed

2. Some part of her tried to convince her to make ______ the door, but she knew they would expect that.

    A. on                           B. to                        C. for                     D. up

3. We are all moved by the _______ of these poor homeless children.

    A. plight                         B. situation                C. condition                D. circumstance

4. When Chelsea caught a ______ disease, none of his friends were allowed to visit him.

    A. conspicuous          B. contagious              C. consequent            D. captivating

5. Every month the old couple put aside a little sum of money which ______ urgent use.

    A. means for            B. means to                C. is meant for              D. is meant to

6. Although the Bill in its present form is a significant improvement on its first form, it remains ______ flawed.

    A. seriously                     B. soundlessly             C. solemnly                D. strictly

7. Medical statistics have shown that the widespread use of cigarettes ______ to the increase of cancers.

    A. refers                              B. confines                C. owes                   D. contributes

8. I am cautiously _______ that a new government will be concerned and aware about the  environment.

    A. optimistic                      B. hostile                   C. cynical           D. doubtful

.............................

PART III   READING COMPREHENSION

Section A (60 minutes, 30 points)

Directions: Below each of the following passages you will find some questions or incomplete statements. Each question or statement is followed by four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Read each passage carefully, and then select the choice that best answers the question or completes the statement. Mark the letter of your choice with a single bar across the square brackets on your Machine-scoring Answer Sheet.

Passage One

     Bartenders are rarely shy about offering an opinion. But on a recent evening at the Finborough Wine Cafe, in between pours of Beaujolais, the bartender Van Badham was memorably on point about the new play "Mirror Teeth" being performed in an upstairs room: A Christopher-Durang-meets-Caryl-Churchill satire about racism, sex and control in the British family.

     Ms. Badham, it was later revealed, doubles as the literary manager for the Finborough Theater, which has been a tenant at the pub since 1980. Nell McPherson, the theater's artistic director and its only salaried employee, said several company members tended bar to make ends meet, given that they are paid by the theater only if a production turns a profit. No success is too small: He once doled out 1.18 to each crew member after one play in the 50-seat theater did a bit better than break even.

     "The actors don't get paid, either, not usually," Mr. McPherson said, sitting on the snug stage after "Mirror Teeth" had concluded that night. "But if you've been stuck in 'Phantom' for 10 years and you're about ready to slit your wrists, and you crave doing some proper acting, you can do that here."

     Like the storefront theater scene in Chicago, or the outdoor productions in parks, playgrounds and car lots across New York in the summer, pub theaters are a beloved part of the play-making tradition in England, especially London. Their lineage extends to the Restoration, when acting troupes took over empty dining rooms above pubs to perform plays of vulgar material that went well with a pint. Later the Victorian-era music halls--a wildly popular amusement for the working classes--got their start in saloon bars.

     Pub theaters proliferated in the 1970s and 1980s with the increase in theater companies of young artists and in-house playwrights wanting to do serious work on shoestring budgets in close proximity to audiences.

     "What works in our favor is the intimacy of the experience," said Tim Roseman, who shares the job of artistic director at another pub space, Theater 503, with Paul Robinson. "You genuinely feel you are in the same room as the actors, that you breathe the characters' air, and this makes for an electrifying experience. "

     Mr. Robinson added: "It's impossible to create that intensity when there are 1,000 people watching."

36. According to Paragraph 1, Van Badham was ________.

     A. unusual about remarking on "Mirror Teeth" 

     B. lenient with the plays performed in her bar

     C. fond of offering opinions like her workmates 

     D. in favour of the theme of the new play

37. Many people joined the Finborough Theater knowing that ________.

     A. they should serve drinks as well as act      

     B. they would get a very limited salary

     C. they might work without being paid         

     D. they must make the business profitable

38. The last person one can expect to see performing in the Finborough Theater would be someone who ________.

     A. has vast numbers of fans                  B. wishes to make a living

     C. desires to be a great actor                       D. fears a large audience

39. Like the outdoor theater scene played in some cities in the U. S., pub theaters in London ______.

     A. can be enjoyed with a drink of wine        

     B. can be traced back to the 174 century

     C. tend to perform plays with realistic themes  

     D. appeal especially to the lower classes

40. Some theater companies preferred pub theaters because of their ______.

     A. unfussy viewers                                B. moderate costs

     C. great popularity                                 D. casual performance

41. According to Mr. Robinson, people like him, while working with a pub theater, often have a feeling of ________.

      A. challenge                  B. tension        C. excitement              D. desperation

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